European Variety & Novelty

America had its circuses, carnivals, dime museums and vaudeville theatres to present all manner of human curiosities, and all manner of novelty and variety acts.

Europe's older tradition presented these same acts beginning in England in taverns, pubs, and later as Music Hall entertainment. Music Hall originated as a British theatrical entertainment popular from about 1849 until it lost its luster in the 1920s. Later dubbed Variety, European theatre presented these same acts in a manner very close to American vaudeville.

Fairground and seaside European shows are also included here.